Plantar fasciitis is characterized by inflammation and/or thickening of the band of tissue (plantar fascia) that extends from the heel to the toes. Oftentimes, patients have many questions regarding this common cause of heel pain. What leads to plantar fasciitis? Are there prevention techniques? If pain is already present, what treatment options exist? With so much information at our fingertips, it can be difficult to differentiate between tried and true methods and common misconceptions. Continue reading to learn more from one of our board certified podiatrists, Dr. Paul Daines.
There is no single cause of plantar fasciitis; however, in many cases, individuals experience the ailment due to one of the following:
- Faulty structure of the foot
- Flat feet
- High arches
While it is important to understand some potential causes of plantar fasciitis, it is equally important to practice sound prevention techniques.
There are several ways to help prevent plantar fasciitis from occurring or reoccurring. While this is not a comprehensive list, some of the most common preventative methods include:
- Appropriate shoe gear
- Orthotics/arch support
- Rest and ice
- Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
If plantar fasciitis continues to progress, patients are able to relieve pain with an array of methods. Below are tiers of widely recognized treatment options:
- Tier 1: Anti-inflammatories (Alieve, Ibuprofen, etc.); stretching exercises (towel, knee straight); deep massage/ice; supportive shoes; pre-fabricated/custom arch supports; cortisone injection
- Tier 2: Custom orthotics; physical therapy; night splint; continue Tier 1 treatment; Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) injection
- Tier 3: FAST (Focused Aspiration of Scar Tissue) procedure; Plantar Fasciotomy; Heel Spur Resection
If you suspect you have plantar fasciitis, it is important to consult a foot and ankle specialist who understands the factors that influence the condition of the foot. Don’t go another day in pain. Click here to schedule an appointment with a board-certified podiatrist today.